Vol. 7 No. 7 (2011): Scientific Journal Referee Issue: 7
It is clear that scientific research contributes to the enrichment of human knowledge in all its branches through specialized studies and serious research to reach innovative scientific and applied additions and to reveal new facts and to enable distinguished researchers to actively participate in solving development and society problems. Many developed countries have sought the rapid development of science and development. And push researchers to innovate and develop scientific research.
It is certain that what is spent on scientific research and development programs in the Arab world is still very weak compared to global rates, and there is no escape from increasing investment in the field of scientific research in national programs. Well-being, strength and influence for man and guarantee him superiority over others and overcoming some of the problems of human life that cannot be divided into right and wrong. Scientific research centers have a prominent role in developing scientific research. For example, the number of Arab scientific research centers is (600), most of which are inside universities, while There are (1,500) centers in France, but in economically besieged Cuba, the number of scientific centers has jumped over ten years from (15) centers to (221) centers. The number of Arab researchers in their centers is (19) thousand, while their number in France alone is (31) thousand.
As for the indicator of the number of scientists and engineers engaged in scientific research per million people, it is one of the most important indicators approved by (UNESCO) for the advancement of technological and research reality. And researcher, the huge gap is clear between us and the developed world, between the Arab countries and America (3359) researchers per million inhabitants, and in Europe it reaches (2206) researchers per million inhabitants. Computer, and the third place in chemistry sciences, and the fifteenth place among the first countries in the world that produce research and inventions. As for the Arab countries, unfortunately, they do not occupy any positions on the ranks of scientific progress.
this !!!! It is a miserable reality, what are we now?
There is a legitimate pause to ask about the reasons for the great decline in the field of scientific and practical research in the Arab world, despite the presence of many Arab countries that outperform many developed countries in the world in average per capita income and financial returns, especially oil ones, which have financial resources and are constantly high. At the forefront of these reasons is the lack of researchers. In addition, the money spent on research and development as a percentage of the gross national product is very small, as it did not exceed 0.3% in the Arab world for all Arab countries for the years (1981-1992), while we find that it has reached (2%) of the national product in European universities and (% 2.3) in America and the same in Japan and (1.8%) in Switzerland.
The average spending on scientific research in the Arab world is (4) dollars per capita, while in the United States it is (640) dollars per capita. In the Arab universities, which are different, as it annually reaches (0.68%) for the Tunisian scholar, compared to (0.95%) for the Sudanese scholar, (0.95%) for the Egyptian scholar, and (0.72%) for the Iraqi scholar. It is noted that the weak productivity of a faculty member in universities returns after ten years Despite his work at the university, he does not find the encouragement that invites him to devote himself to scientific research. This is an unpleasant fact about the state of scientific research in the Arab world.