Evaluation of the water situation in Yemen

A hydrological study of water sources and an estimate of the amount of groundwater used and renewed in the main basins of the Republic of Yemen

Authors

  • Dr. Abdulwahed A. M. Iskandar Queen Arwa University Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58963/qausrj.v1i26.159

Keywords:

Water and environment, Hydrology, Meteorological, underground water

Abstract

The main purpose of this investigation is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the existing meteorological and hydrological data in order to assess the current hydrological and water resources situation. Water availability for the 20 Modern Irrigation Projects have been evaluated in terms of quantity and quality based on three models’ approach: Actual crop-water requirements as measured on field sites (FUs, GWSCP), pumping capacity of water volume per cropping type and time unit (m3/crop/hour) as combined with number of wells are used for calculating water abstraction. The average drop down level of water in a basin as compared to gauged renewable groundwater is contrasted. Expected impacts on the ground water system as a consequence of the implementation of the project components are assessed. The major outcomes of this investigation suggest a number of recommendations, which should be considered for suitable groundwater abstraction policies that would lead to the long-term sustainability in the proposed irrigation projects areas making an end for further groundwater depletion. Therefore, saved water resulting from the implementation of the projects will contribute to the augmentation of aquifers recharge

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References

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اﻟﺪوﻣﻲ إﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺠﺒﺎر، (2001)، اﻟﻤﺆﺗﻤﺮ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ﺣﻮل اﻹﺳﺘﺮاﺗﯿﺠﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻘﺮن اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ واﻟﻌﺸﺮﯾﻦ. اﻟﺼﻮﻓﻲ ، ﻃﻼل ﺣﺴﯿﻦ. .(2001) اﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﻤﺎﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ و اﺗﺠﺎھﺎت اﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﯿﺠﯿﺎت اﻟﻮﻃﻨﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﯿﺎه و

اﻟﺒﺤﻮث و اﻟﺮﺷﺎد. اﻟﻤﻠﺘﻘﻰ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ﻻﺳﺘﺮاﺗﯿﺠﯿﺎت اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺮن اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ و اﻟﻌﺸﺮون اﻟﻤﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺘﺮة -16

/9/17م ﻛﻠﯿﺔ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻮم اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ – ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻋﺪن ووزارة اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ و اﻟﺮي ﻋﺪن-اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ.

(2002) إدارة اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮي اﻟﺤﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺘﻲ ذﻣﺮات ودﻟﺘﺎ أﺑﯿﻦ، اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ

اﻟﺼﻮﻓﻲ، ﻃﻼل ﺣﺴﯿﻦ وزارة اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ، اﻟﮭﯿﺌﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻮث واﻹرﺷﺎد اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ ﻗﻄﺎع اﻹرﺷﺎد واﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺐ، إدارة اﻟﺒﺮاﻣﺞ اﻹرﺷﺎدﯾﺔ

اﻹﻋﻼم، ذﻣﺎر – اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ. اﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﯿﺔ (2002)، اﻹﻃﺎر اﻟﻌﺎم ﻟﻤﺸﺮوع دﻋﻢ اﻷﻣﻦ اﻟﻐﺬاﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ .47

اﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﯾﺔ، (2002)، اﻟﻤﻮاﺻﻔﺎت اﻟﻘﯿﺎﺳﯿﺔ اﻟﺴﻌﻮدﯾﺔ، اﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت اﻟﻔﻨﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺮي. اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1997) ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺣﻤﺎﯾﺔ اﻟﺒﯿﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺤﯿﺮة ﻣﺄرب ﺑﺎﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ )اﻟﺘﻘﺮﯾﺮ اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﻲ.( اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان . أﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ 1997م. اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1998) ﺣﻠﻘﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺒﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻹﻋﺪاد و اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ اﻟﺒﯿﺌﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ ﻣﺼﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﺎھﺮة 26-19 .1998/10/ اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ .1998

اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1999) اﻟﺪورة اﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺒﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎل ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ اﻟﺴﯿﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ اﻷردﻧﯿﺔ اﻟﮭﺎﺷﻤﯿﺔ –ﻋﻤﺎن : .1999/5/20-15 اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ .1999 اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1999) اﻟﺪورة اﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺒﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎل ﺗﻄﺒﯿﻘﺎت اﻻﺳﺘﺸﻌﺎر ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ وﻧﻈﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﻓﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮاﻗﺒﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﺤﺮ وﺗﺤﺮك اﻟﺠﺮاد اﻟﺼﺤﺮاوي. اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﺴﻮرﯾﺔ – دﻣﺸﻖ -16 21 1999/10/م . اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ 1999م. اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1999) اﻟﺪورة اﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺒﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎل ﺗﻄﺒﯿﻘﺎت أﻧﻈﻤﺔ

اﻻﺳﺘﺸﻌﺎر ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ وﻧﻈﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﺠﻐﺮاﻓﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻌﺪاد اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ . اﻟﺠﻤﺎھﯿﺮﯾﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻠﯿﺒﯿﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﺒﯿﺔ اﻻﺷﺘﺮاﻛﯿﺔ

اﻟﻌﻈﻤﻰ – ﻃﺮاﺑﻠﺲ 25-21 .1999/11/ اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ .1999 اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ. .(1999) اﻟﻨﺪوة اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﺎل اﻟﺤﻔﺎظ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﻮارد

اﻟﺒﯿﺌﯿﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ اﻟﺪوﺣﺔ – دوﻟﺔ ﻗﻄﺮ. اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﺴﻮدان دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ .1999

اﻟﮭﯿﺌﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮارد اﻟﻤﺎﺋﯿﺔ، (1999)، اﻟﻤﻮاﺻﻔﺎت اﻟﻘﯿﺎﺳﯿﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﯿﺎه، اﻟﻤﯿﺎه اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮي، ﻗﻄﺎع

اﻟﺴﯿﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﻤﺎﺋﯿﺔ واﻟﺒﺮﻣﺠﺔ، ﻣﺸﺮوع إﻋﺪاد ﻣﻌﺎﯾﯿﺮ وﻣﻮاﺻﻔﺎت ﻟﻠﻤﯿﺎه ﺑﺤﺴﺐ اﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﮭﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺎء – ﯾﻮﻟﯿﻮ .1999 ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ – اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، )ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ – (2000، ﺗﻮﺣﯿﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﺎﯾﯿﺲ واﻟﻤﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت اﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ وﻓﻘﺎً ﻟﻨﻈﻢ اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻒ اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ، ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ )ﺗﺸﺮﯾﻦ ﺛﺎن( .2000

ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ – اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ (2002)، دراﺳﺔ ﺳﺒﻞ ﺗﻄﻮﯾﺮ اﻟﺮي اﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ واﻟﺼﺮف ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ.

ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، (2008)، ﺗﻌﺰﯾﺰ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﺗﻘﺎﻧﺎت ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪول

اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﻄﻠﻮب: ﻓﺮﯾﻖ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ ﺻـ.173 ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، (2009) ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺻﯿﺎﻧﺔ وﺗﺤﺪﯾﺚ ﻓﻮاﻋﺪ اﻟﺒﯿﺎﻧﺎت واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﺳﺘﻤﺎرة اﺳﺘﺒﯿﺎن ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﯿﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﻮارد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ) ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺟﺪاول ﻓﺎرﻏﺔ(

ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ،) (2004، ﻟﻘﺎء ﻛﺒﺎر ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻲ اﻟﺴﯿﺎﺳﺎت اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪول

اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﺎھﺮة – ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ ﻣﺼﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ 6-5 دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ 2004، اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم .2005

ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، ﯾﻮﻧﯿﻮ (2005)، ﻣﺆﺷﺮات ﻣﺨﺘﺎرة ﺣﻮل اﻟﻐﺬاء واﻟﺰراﻋﺔ

ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ .(2004-2000)

ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ (2000) ﺣﻠﻘﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﺣﻮل ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ اﻻﺣﺘﯿﺎﺟﺎت اﻟﻤﺎﺋﯿﺔ ﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ اﻟﺨﻀﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ، ﺟﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ ﻣﺼﺮ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ اﻟﻘﺎھﺮة، 6-4 دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ .2000 اﻟﺨﺮﻃﻮم دﯾﺴﻤﺒﺮ

)ﻛﺎﻧﻮن أول( .2000 ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، (1998)، اﻟﻨﺪوة اﻟﻘﻮﻣﯿﺔ ﺣﻮل إدارة اﻟﺮي اﻟﺤﻘﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﻃﻦ

اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ، ﺳﻠﻄﻨﺔ ﻋﻤﺎن – ﻣﺴﻘﻂ، 1998/10/14-12م. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، (1998)، دراﺳﺔ ﺣﻮل زﯾﺎدة وﺗﺤﺴﯿﻦ اﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎدة ﻣﻦ ﻧﻈﻢ

اﻟﺮي اﻟﺤﺪﯾﺜﺔ، ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ )أﯾﻠﻮل( 1998م. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، اﻟﻤﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﯿﺔ، (2001)، دراﺳﺔ ﺗﻌﺰﯾﺰ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺮي اﻵﻟﻲ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﯿﻦ ﻛﻔﺎءة

اﻟﺮي اﻟﺤﻘﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪول اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ، أﻏﺴﻄﺲ/أب.2001( ﺣﺴﻦ، ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺠﺒﺎر، (2002)، أزﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻓﻲ اﻟﯿﻤﻦ وﺗﺄﺛﯿﺮھﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ واﻟﺤﻠﻮل، اﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ اﻷوﻟﻰ رﻗﻢ

اﻹﯾﺪاع ﺑﺪار اﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺻﻨﻌﺎء 2006/236 ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﺒﺎدي ﻟﻠﺪراﺳﺎت واﻟﻨﺸﺮ. ﻛﺎي ﻣﻠﻔﯿﻦ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ د/ أﺣﻤﺪ إﺑﺮاھﯿﻢ اﻟﻌﻤﻮد، د/ ﻓﺎروق ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ اﻟﻔﺘﯿﺎﻧﻲ، (1991)، رﻗﻢ اﻹﯾﺪاع 1991/9741 اﻟﺘﺮﻗﯿﻢ اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ .977-02-3577-6 ISBN، دار اﻟﻤﻌﺎرف )ح.م.ع.(

TCP/YEM/167(A)"Environmental information ﻣﺤﻤﺪ، ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻓﺎرع (2009) اﻟﻤﻮارد ﻓﻲ اﻟﯿﻤﻦ،system for Natural resources conservation and use"K Sana'a, F.A.O.

ﻣﺨﯿﻤﺮ، ﺳﺎﻣﺮ و ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺣﺠﺎزي. .(1996) أزﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ، اﻟﺤﻘﺎﺋﻖ و اﻟﺒﺪاﺋﻞ اﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ. ﻋﺎﻟﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ .

ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺛﻘﺎﻓﯿﺔ ﺷﮭﺮﯾﺔ ﯾﺼﺪرھﺎ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺲ اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ و اﻟﻔﻨﻮن و اﻵداب – اﻟﻜﻮﯾﺖ. ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ و اﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ )ﻓﺎو(اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة. .(2009) اﻟﺠﻮاﻧﺐ اﻟﮭﯿﺪروﻟﻮﺟﯿﺔ ﻟﺤﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه. ﻋﺮض ﺑﻮرﺑﻮﯾﻨﺖ.

ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ و اﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ )ﻓﺎو(اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة. .(2009)ﺗﻜﻮن اﻟﻘﺸﺮة اﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎت اﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ. ﻋﺮض ﺑﻮرﺑﻮﯾﻨﺖ .

ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ – اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة (2009) ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ )اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ( ، اﻟﻮﺣﺪة .19

ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ – اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة، (2009) ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ )ﺟﻮاﻧﺐ زراﻋﯿﺔ(، وﺣﺪة رﻗﻢ.(6+5

ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ )اﻟﻔﺎو(، (2005) ، أﻧﻮاع اﻟﺠﺮﯾﺎن اﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ، وﺣﺪة رﻗﻢ .5+4ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ )ﻓﺎو(، (اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة (2009) ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ )اﺣﺘﯿﺎﺟﺎت اﻟﺘﺮﺑﺔ( وﺣﺪة.4+3 رﻗﻢ

ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة )اﻟﻔﺎو(، (2006)، ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ )إدارة اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع(، وﺣﺪةرﻗﻢ .23 ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ واﻷﻏﺬﯾﺔ اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة )اﻟﻔﺎو(، (2006)، ﺣﺼﺎد اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ﻹﻧﺘﺎج اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺻﯿﻞ )ﺗﺨﻄﯿﻂ ﻣﺸﺎرﯾﻊ ﺣﺼﺎداﻟﻤﯿﺎه(، وﺣﺪة رﻗﻢ .22 وزارة اﻟﺘﺨﻄﯿﻂ و اﻟﺘﻌﺎون اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ. ﺧﻄﺔ اﻟﺘﻨﻤﯿﺔ اﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎدﯾﺔ واﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﯿﺔ اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻔﯿﻒ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻘﺮ. م2010-2006 وزارة اﻟﺘﺨﻄﯿﻂ واﻟﺘﻌﺎون اﻟﺪوﻟﻲ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة اﻟﺮﺋﯿﺴﯿﺔ ﻟﻤﺮاﻗﺒﺔ اﻟﻔﻘﺮ اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ (2005)، اﻷﺛﺮ اﻟﺒﯿﺌﻲ ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪام

ﻣﯿﺎه اﻟﺼﺮف اﻟﺼﺤﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮي اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ )إب، ذﻣﺎر، ﺻﻨﻌﺎء( إﻋﺪاد د/ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺣﯿﺪر، رﻗﻢ اﻹﯾﺪاع ﺑﺪار اﻟﻜﺘﺐ

وزارة اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ – ﺻﻨﻌﺎء، (397) .2005/10/11 94 ورﻗﺔ. وزارة اﻟﺰراﻋﺔ و اﻟﺮي اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻨﯿﺔ (2001) . ﻛﺘﺎب اﻹﺣﺼﺎء اﻟﺰراﻋﻲ ﻟﻌﺎم 2000م. اﻹدارة اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻺﺣﺼﺎءاﻟﺰراﻋﻲ .

وزارة اﻟﻤﯿﺎه واﻟﺒﯿﺌﺔ (2008)، إﻃﺎر ﻋﻤﻞ ﺳﯿﺎﺳﺔ إﻋﺎدة اﻟﺘﻮﻃﯿﻦ ﻣﻠﺨﺺ ﺗﻨﻔﯿﺬي 2008/12م .E.S.I

وزارة اﻟﻤﯿﺎه واﻟﺒﯿﺌﺔ اﻟﯿﻤﻦ، (2009) اﺳﺘﻨﺰاف وﺗﻠﻮث اﻟﻤﯿﺎه ، ﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ وأرﻗﺎم ﻋﻦ اﻟﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﻤﺎﺋﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻤﮭﻮرﯾﺔ،

ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﻮزارة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ، 2009/5/30، )اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻛﯿﻦ واﻟﻤﺴﺘﻔﯿﺪﯾﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻜﻮن ﺑﺈدارة اﻟﻄﻠﺐ وﺗﺤﺴﯿﻦ اﻟﺮي(

ﻣﺸﺮوع إدارة ﻣﯿﺎه ﺣﻮض ﺻﻨﻌﺎء.

ثانيأ: المصادر باللغة الإنجليزية

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Iskandar, D. A. A. M. (2023). Evaluation of the water situation in Yemen: A hydrological study of water sources and an estimate of the amount of groundwater used and renewed in the main basins of the Republic of Yemen. Queen Arwa University Journal, 26(26), 29. https://doi.org/10.58963/qausrj.v1i26.159

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